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Friday, April 26, 2013

H1N1 swine flu kills a child in Vietnam

Published Date: 2013-04-23 19:18:43
Subject: PRO/EDR> Influenza (29): Viet Nam H1N1 child, fatal 
Archive Number: 20130423.1667643
A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: Tue 23 Apr 2013 [edited]
Source: Viet Nam Bridge [edited]

Thanh Hoa: 12-year-old girl died of swine flu
A little girl from the central province of Thanh Hoa died of the H1N1 influenza strain known as swine flu at the Hanoi-based Central Hospital for Tropical Diseases this morning, 23 Apr 2013, reported the hospital's deputy director Nguyen Hong Ha. It is suspected that the girl caught the flu from her brother-in-law, who is living in Hanoi. About 2 weeks ago, he paid a visit to the home of his parents-in-law in Thanh Hoa. He had influenza at that time and communicated flu to 3 others in the family. 2 people were free from the disease while the girl's flu got worse. On 16 April 2013, she had fever, cough, and shortness of breath. The family took her to the hospital of Vinh Loc district in Thanh Hoa. After one day of treatment, the patient got critical breathing problems and was transferred to the Hospital of Thanh Hoa province.

Only a day later, the respiratory problem became more serious. The X-ray scan showed lesions in her lung. The patient was transferred to the Central Hospital for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases in Hanoi, where the X-ray scan detected that her lung lesions developed very quickly. She was again transferred to another hospital -- the Central Hospital for Tropical Diseases.

Deputy Director Nguyen Hong Ha of the Central Hospital for Tropical Diseases said the patient was brought to the hospital in the state of severe respiratory distress. Testing results showed that she was positive for type A/H1N1 flu virus. Upon admission, the patient was treated with antiretroviral drugs but she died on the morning of 23 Apr 2013.

On 22 Apr 2013, the Central Hospital for Tropical Diseases also received an 83-year-old man who was transferred from the Agriculture Hospital with symptoms of flu. Dr. Nguyen Van Kinh, Director of the Central Hospital for Tropical Diseases, said that flu patients died because they were brought to the hospital very late, after having complications such as respiratory failure and heavy pneumonia. 

A/H1N1 influenza is the same as the other seasonal flu, with certain mortality. In Viet Nam, the fatality rate from A/H1N1 influenza is very low, only about 0.7 percent. 

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