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Tuesday, November 6, 2012


A ProMED-mail post
Archive Number: 20121101.1384772
Date: Wed 31 Oct 2012

Source: EpiSouth Weekly Eli Bulletin [edited]


On 22 Oct 2012, the Hellenic Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (KEELPNO) reported 5 new malaria _Plasmodium vivax_ autochthonous cases in Greece.
- 2 cases are located in Karditsa regional unit, Thessaly region (cf. map 1 [available at the source URL above]). It is the 1st time that this area is reporting autochthonous malaria _P. vivax_ cases. According to KEELPNO, these cases are considered to have a direct epidemiological relation with a cluster of 8 imported cases.
- 3 other cases were reported in Laconia regional unit, Peloponnese region. These 5 cases had onset of symptoms between weeks 38 and 42 (between 17 Sep and 21 Oct 2012).
- To date, a total of 16 autochthonous cases infected in 2012 has been reported in 4 different regions in Greece:
4 in East Attica regional unit. The 1st autochthonous malaria case was reported on 18 Jun 2012 (cf. eWEB no. 224; [http://www.episouthnetwork.org/sites/default/files/bulletin_file/eweb_224_04_06_12.pdf]). 8 in Laconia regional unit, Peloponnese region. 1 in Xanthi regional unit, East of Macedonia and Thrace region. 2 in Karditsa regional unit, Thessaly region.

The occurrence of new cases in Laconia regional unit was not unexpected considering the establishment of a local transmission cycle of _P. vivax_ malaria in this area.
On 1 Oct 2010, one case was reported in Xanthi regional unit. It was the 1st time that this area reported _P. vivax_ autochthonous cases.
The report of a _P. vivax_ malaria case in the new area of Karditsa regional unit strongly suggests an extension of the circulation of malaria in other areas in Greece.

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